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Diabetes

There are two main types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. (Gestational diabetes affect only pregnant women.) Diabetes affects the body's ability to maintain appropriate blood sugar levels.


Type 1

Why

graphic element used to separate content sections Pancreas stops making insulin so glucose cannot get into cells

Who

graphic element used to separate content sections Usually diagnosed earlier in life, regardless of lifestyle

What
to do

graphic element used to separate content sections Requires insulin injections or an insulin pump for life

Type 2

Why

graphic element used to separate content sections Body's cells become resistant to insulin and pancreas can eventually "wear out"

Who

graphic element used to separate content sections Most common in overweight adults, becoming more common among children

What
to do

graphic element used to separate content sections Some people can avoid medication by improving diet, weight, and activity; may require oral medicine and/or insulin injections

How can you prevent Type 2 Diabetes?

If you think you have diabetes, you need to see a doctor who will evaluate your blood glucose levels and your ability to process carbohydrates. These are typical warning signs:

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • "Fruity" breath
  • Irritability
  • Disorientation
  • Feeling shaky or weak

UHS Appointments
For more information, check out American Diabetes Association.

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