UT University Health Services


External Condoms

Condoms are a contraceptive method that prevents pregnancy by covering the penis to keep sperm from entering the uterus and fertilizing an egg.

  • Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, are highly effective in reducing the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
  • Besides choosing to not have sex, condoms (external and internal), as well as dental dams, are the only way to reduce the risk of STIs
  • When used consistently and correctly, condoms are 98% effective at preventing pregnancy.
  • Condoms come in a variety of shapes, textures, colors, and sizes. The key to condom effectiveness is choosing a condom that you and your partner like to use.
    • Can be made of latex or polyisoprene
    • Options are available for those allergic to latex

How To Use a Condom

  1. Get consent.
  2. Check expiration date and open package carefully.
  3. Pinch the tip (1/2 inch) and place on penis.
  4. Roll condom down to the base of the penis.
  5. After sex, withdraw while holding the condom at the base.
  6. Throw condom away. Do not re-use condoms.
roll condom down to the base of the penis

Condom Facts

  • 100% of condoms sold in the United States are tested before sale.
  • Adding extra lubricant both inside and outside of the condom can increase sensation for both partners and reduce the risk of condom breakage.
  • Condoms can prevent transmission of STIs during oral sex. For oral sex, flavored or non-lubricated condoms are recommended.

Spermicide condoms are not recommended for use. 

  • Condoms with the spermicide Nonoxynol-9 provide no further protection against pregnancy
  • Can increase the risk of some STIs due to irritation of sensitive genital tissue

Internal Condoms

Also known as a female condom, the internal condom is a sheath made of non-latex nitrile material that is placed into the vagina before sex. The internal condom has two flexible rings; one to hold the closed end in place near the cervix (the entrance to the uterus), and one at the open end to hold the condom in place outside the opening of the vagina.

  • 95% effective at preventing pregnancy when used consistently and correctly
  • Considered equally effective as latex external condoms in preventing pregnancy and STIs
  • Good for people with latex allergies

How To Use an Internal Condom

  1. Get consent.
  2. Check expiration date and open package carefully.
  3. While holding the outside of the condom at the closed end, squeeze sides of inner ring together with thumb and forefinger and insert into vagina.*
  4. Using a finger, push inner ring as far up as it will go until it rests against cervix.
  5. The thin, outer ring should remain outside vagina.
  6. Guide partner’s penis into opening of the condom.
  7. To remove, gently twist outer ring and pull condom out of vagina.
  8. Throw condom away. Do not re-use condoms.

*Internal condoms can also be used for anal sex. Follow the same general guidelines as those for vaginal sex outlined above.

Healthy Sexuality

Healthy Sexuality Topics
Classes and Workshops
Request Free/Low-Cost Condoms
Men's Sexual Health
Off-Campus STI / HIV testing locations
Sexually Transmitted Infections
UHS STI Testing
UHS Sexual Assault Forensic Exams
AlcoholEdu and SAPU
Gynecology Clinic

hours Monday - Friday 8am - 5pm by appointment Monday - Friday, 8am to 5pm
by appointment
512) 471-4955 (512) 471-4955
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University Health Services is committed to providing high-quality care to patients of all ages, races, ethnicities, physical abilities or attributes, religions, sexual orientations, or gender identities/expression.


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