The University of Texas at Austin - What Starts Here Changes The World
The University of Texas at Austin Division of Student Affairs
Navigation Menu
healthyhorns.utexas.edu

Diabetes

There are two main types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. (Gestational diabetes affect only pregnant women.) Diabetes affects the body's ability to maintain appropriate blood sugar levels.
Type 1

Why

Pancreas stops making insulin so glucose cannot get into cells

Who

Usually diagnosed earlier in life, regardless of lifestyle

What to do

Requires insulin injections or an insulin pump for life
Type 2

Why

Body's cells become resistant to insulin and pancreas can eventually "wear out"

Who

Most common in overweight adults, becoming more common among children

What to do

Some people can avoid medication by improving diet, weight, and activity; may require oral medicine and/or insulin injections

How can you prevent Type 2 Diabetes?

If you think you have diabetes, you need to see a doctor who will evaluate your blood glucose levels and your ability to process carbohydrates. These are typical warning signs:

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • "Fruity" breath
  • Irritability
  • Disorientation
  • Feeling shaky or weak